After the allied greek cities defeated invading persian forces at the battle of plataea in 479 bc (which you can read more about here and here), tensions between athens and sparta began to. Standing tall above the greek city of athens, most important ancient greek cities and is linked to several works of cultural significance, including the odyssey. Among all of the ancient greek city states, however, two city states were continuously among the most admired, the most respected, and often the most feared those two city states were athens and sparta. A brief reference to the history of athens athens was named according to the greek mythology from competition that the goddess athena had with poseidon about who will become protector of the city. Some of the most important city-states were athens, sparta, thebes, corinth, and delphi of these, athens and sparta were the two most powerful city-states athens was a democracy and sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of greek society and culture.
The ancient greek city of sparta was the greatest military power in ancient greece and played a significant role in history ancient sparta was not as sophisticated as athens, did not create arts and crafts and has not left us any written masterpiece. Athens was one of the only greek cities among that had importance it could not compare with sparta in power, prestige, or even in art the only success that belonged to athens was its navel. In the 360s the main focus of greek history shifted from sparta to the struggle between athens and thebes neither power was really strong enough to impose a definitive solution, nor were outside forces available to give either side a decisive margin.
Athens and sparta comparison athens and sparta athens and sparta were the two largest greek city-states of the ancient world they were the biggest of rivals, two towering cities at their peak, the most influential cultural, military, and trade powers of western civilization in the first millennium bc. Greek cities and their spread across the mediterranean the parthenon is a temple dedicated to athena, located on the acropolis in athens it is a symbol of the culture and sophistication of the ancient greeks. Similarities and differences between spartan and athenian society united them as greek city-states sparta and athens shared similarities and differences in their.
Sparta was one of the most militarily powerful city-states in greece while sparta had existed for a considerable time prior, spartan history really begins with lykurgos lykurgos was a spartan aristocrat who enacted a number of reforms to spartan society which brought it to its recognizable form. Rise of city-states: athens and sparta early in their history, a violent and bloody slave revolt caused the spartans to change their society what made greek. Greek city-states european history including developments in politics, economics, culture, social life, religion and art greek city states athens and sparta. History of ancient sparta ruins of an ancient theater sit near the modern city of sparta, greece two of the most powerful city states were athens and sparta, and tensions between the two.
The early history of ancient greece homer, an important greek writer, instead, greece was divided up into small city-states, like athens, sparta,. Athens and sparta timeline timeline of athenian history 700-595 bc eupatrid oligarchy originally, the athenians were ruled by kings, but in time, the kings were replaced by archons and the nobility was in controlthe eupatrids were the. Short look at the history and lives of athens and sparta learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free by athens that says that all greek city-states will. Athens and sparta, both powerful greek city-states, had fought as allies in the greco-persian wars between 499 and 449 bc in the wake of the persian retreat, however, athens grew more powerful.
The importance of athens in greek history, chapter 1 & 2 a day in old athens, by william stearns davis (1910) professor of ancient history. The peloponnesian war was fought between the greek city-states of athens and sparta it lasted from 431 bc to 404 bc it lasted from 431 bc to 404 bc athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of ancient greece. As the great rival of athens in ancient greece, sparta prided itself on the iron-hearted warrior culture that remained the backbone of their civilization the archaeological site of sparta today is more widespread and scattered than many of the ancient cities of greece.
Sparta, athens, corinth, delphi, thebes, and aegina were important cities in greece there were other cities outside greece that were also important greek cities, because of c olonization, and. After the persian wars, all the greek city-states created an organization that agreed to protect eachother whenever any of them entered a war this matters because this is the transition from where athens defeated persia with the help of sparta,and where the athenians began to feel superior and felt in control of every other city-state. Important battles in greek history ancient greece was a collection of city-states on the greek mainland, as well as many colonies in various places three of greece's largest city-states were athens, sparta, and thebes.